Since 2006, IPC has built engagement with parliament in a number of programs, such as: Indonesian Youth Parliament, Internship at MP’s for college students and young political parties cadres, advocacy on Election Act, Oil and Gas Act, Parliament Act, and implementation Public Information Disclosure Act.
Indonesian government signed the OGP declaration in 2011 and established the OGI secretariat in 2012. Actually, parliament has joined the Open Government Indonesia (OGI) with two commitments in 2014.
|improving institutional performance through information disclosure||availability of websites that publish institutional data (organization, duties and institutions), attendance data of MP’s at each meeting, live report of meeting, the result of supervisory of the Act, public comments about ongoing meeting, meetings report.|
|Encouraging transparency and accountability||availability of publication of closed meeting criteria with clearly qualification, availability of new regulation regarding the documentation and publication of decision making procedures including voting mechanism.|
Unfortunately, in 2015 parliament did not make a progress report to OGI. In a meeting with General Secretary of Indonesian’s Parliament in 2016, she stated that Parliament will build its own model of openness. “Parliament is not part of the government. So, it is irrelevant if Parliament makes an openess report to the government,” she said. She refused if Government regulated parliament, because parliament has equal position with government.
I think it is not to bad perspective. According to the perspective, I hope parliament can encouraged to build a better concept of openness rather than the Open Government concept. Finally, in August 2018, parliament declared the Open Parliament as commitments to transparency, participatory, and accountability.
There are some condition that encouraged declaration open Parliament in Indonesia.
- Indonesia has a Public Information Disclosure Act (14/200). This law is an initiative of the DPR based on the concept of civil society. This law regulates the obligation for public bodies to be open. This law determines the kind of information that must be opened without request (pro-active disclosure). This law regulates the obligation of Public Bodies to service the information requests. This law also requires the establishment of an Information Commission to judge information disputes.
- Government of Indonesia signed the OGP Declaration, 2011. So, if parliament has not maximally built openness, it will disrupt relations with government, disrupt the function on oversight (scrutiny), and reduce the public trust.
- Parliament has strong commitment on Open Parliament. The chairman of parliament, the deputies chairman, and head of parliament secretariat are activist on reformation 1998. So, I definitely sure that they have commitment to openess.
- Engagement public to parliament has been increasing
Request on information
|Total of Information Request||321||429||880||1025||635|
There were 28,191 people visited the parliament in July 2016 – July 2017.
There are some activities that we have been doing to encourage Open Parliament since 2016.
1. We have assesed the condition of parliament openeness
We need something to ensure that the Open parliament is a necessity. The answer is data. Assessment is needed to get some data. It is important to ensure that parliament has problems with transparency. For example, in 2016, we found that of 11 Commissions (committees) in the parliament, there were 3 commissions which not published the documents of brief report (short report/meeting conclution report).
|I||Defense, Foreign Affairs, Communication and Information, Intelligence||29|
|II||Domestic, State Secretariat, Elections||14|
|III||Law, Human rights, security||24|
|IV||Agriculture, Food, Maritime, Forestry||0|
|VI||Industry, Investment, Business Competition||0|
|VII||Energy, Research and Technology, Living environment||10|
|X||Education, Sports, History||0|
After we submitted the assessment, parliament immediately increased the publication of their brief report. As a result, the number of short report publications increased in 2017 and 2018.
In 2019, we have compared between brief reports (Laporan Singkat, Lapsing) and minutes of meetings (Risalah) in Commission VII as of October 2014 to December 2018. As a result, 85% of minutes of meetings were not published.
The condition was realized by parliament, as stated in the NAP 2018-2020, that parliament website was still limited and not updated yet.
2. We have made relationship with ally person (strategic partner) in parliament who have strong commitment on openness.
We need them explain the internal conditions of parliament and connect us to people who have authority for building Open Parliament, such as the Head of Bureau, General Secretary, chairman and deputy chairman of parliament.
3. We have promoted the concept of open parliament to Parliament
Effort to promote open parliament is carried out by conducting hearings, FGD, informal meetings. We connected our program to be relevant with effort to strengthen parliament transparency because we have no funding support yet to promote open parliament. By the strategy, we can facilitate several activities related to the Open Parliament for Parliament.
The another way to promote the Open Parliament is encouraging parliament to be involved in the Open Parliament agenda at the global level. We appreciate the Indonesian Parliament for participating in the Global Legislative Openness Conference Ukraine, in May 2017; and the Open Government Partnership Global Summit, Georgia, July 2018.
Some MPs has misperception on Open Parliament that the open parliament is a condition where people are free to visit, have websites and social media. It’s not enought. Open Parliament is collaboration of parliament and civil society in building participation, transparency, accountability and innovation. Civil society is obviously involved in preparing action plans, implementing action plans, and evaluating action plans.
4. We have encouraged the parliament to declare Open Parliament
We appreciate that the Indonesian Parliament has declared the Open Parliament, in August 2018. Declaration is needed in order to build an open parliament as institution. Not just individual commitment. If open parliament is institutionalized, it will continue well. In fact, this happened in the Indonesian parliament. After declaration, the parliament compiled National Action Plans, established the OPI secretariat, and step by step going to implement the NAP.
5. We have assisted to set up National Action Plans of Open Parliament
This is the IPC’s proposal for NAP, which was redesigned and detailed by parliament. Klik
|1. Institution||Developing OPI Institution||Availability of organization structure and working procedure of OPI||
|Establish roadmap OPI||Availability of Roadmap OPI||
|2. Transparency||Strengthening the opennes||Availability of transparency infrastructure as regulated in Public Information Disclosure Act||
|3. Participation||Improving data management process and legislation information services||Publication and access in up-to-date and completed Legislation Information System (SILEG)||
|Improvement of IT utilization||Availability of IT aplication for engagement and information services||
6. We have been collaborating on implementation of NAP
As mention earlier the implementation of NAP includes strengthening the public information disclosure. In this sector, we have experience that can be shared to the parliament, such as how to: identify public information by MALE principle (maximum access limited exemption), exemption mechanism, public information list, etc. We also colaborated on compiling of Openness Rating Tools for working unit in parliament (every year, the parliament holds an openness rating for the working unit), colaborated on preparing of the Legislation Information System (SILEG), etc.
Challenges of Open Parliament in Indonesia
- Establish institutional and roadmap OPI
- Integrate NAP to strategic plan of parliament
- Maintain the sustainability of OPI agenda
- Establish colaboration OPI and OGI
- Extend colaboration with civil societies.